The crypto market has seen a resurgence this year, and with it, the demand for liquid staking, particularly in the Solana ecosystem. According to The Block Research, liquid staking protocols on Solana, also known as the “Ethereum Killer,” have experienced a 91% surge in total value locked since the beginning of 2023. Protocols such as Marinade Finance, Lido, Jito, JPool, and Socean collectively held $187 million in staked SOL tokens by the end of June, compared to the $98 million at the start of the year. This accounts for the majority of the $270 million currently locked in Solana’s DeFi ecosystem, as reported by DefiLlama. However, it is important to note that Ethereum remains the dominant force in DeFi, with $26 billion out of the total $44 billion locked in the industry.
The Concept of Staking and the Rise of Liquid Staking Services
Staking involves locking up cryptocurrencies to provide security for proof-of-stake blockchains like Ethereum, Solana, and Cardano, among others. Stakers receive rewards for their lockup in the form of additional crypto, which can be newly minted coins or network fees. While staking on a public blockchain is technically accessible to anyone, many prefer to use Liquid Staking Services to avoid the technical complexities associated with running a personal node. Even Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin has expressed his hesitation to stake most of his Ether (ETH) due to technical risks and complications. Liquid staking offers users the advantage of redeemable tokens that have a 1:1 ratio with the staked assets. For example, staking SOL tokens results in the issuance of stSOL tokens through platforms like LIDO. This allows stakers to retain the liquidity of their assets while benefiting from yield.
Observing the Rise of Staking Activity on Solana
Analysts believe that the increase in staking activity on Solana reflects a broader trend in the crypto industry. The Block’s Kevin Peng notes that Liquid Staking Services have grown as a category across crypto in 2023, primarily due to the new dynamics surrounding staking on Ethereum. However, the demand for these services has also extended to the Solana ecosystem. Ethereum introduced staking in September 2022 and quickly became the most popular staking network with over 20% of the network’s Ether supply already staked. Staking Rewards data reveals that the current staking yield on Solana stands at approximately 6.89% APY, surpassing Ethereum’s 5.09% yield.
The Future of Liquid Staking and Solana’s Role
As the crypto market continues to evolve, the demand for liquid staking is expected to grow further. Solana’s rise as a prominent blockchain platform, often dubbed the “Ethereum Killer,” has positioned it as a viable alternative for staking activities. With its impressive surge in total value locked, Solana’s DeFi ecosystem is proving to be a force to be reckoned with. While Ethereum remains the dominant player in the DeFi space, the increasing interest in liquid staking on Solana suggests a shift in the market. As more investors seek simplified and efficient staking solutions, liquid staking services are likely to play a crucial role in shaping the future of the crypto industry.