The recent price movements of Bitcoin have been a topic of discussion for many analysts and investors. While the crypto managed to defend the $28,000 support on May 2, it is yet to reclaim the $29,200 level from April 30. Analysts have attributed the recent downtrend to the expectation of an interest rate increase by the United States Federal Reserve on May 3.
The Fed’s Interest Rate Decision
The market is pricing 92% odds of a modest 25-basis-point increase, its highest level since September 2007. However, the comments from Fed chairman Jerome Powell are more likely to bring surprise elements, either pointing to further measures to slow down the economy or signaling higher odds of the terminal interest rate being close to 5%. Powell is set to hold a press conference at 2:30 pm Eastern Time.
From an employment perspective, the central bank has reason to believe that the market continues to be overheated. The U.S. government reported 1.6 job openings for every unemployed worker in March. Moreover, private payrolls increased by 296,000 jobs in April, well above the 148,000 market consensus.
Implications of Raising Interest Rates
However, raising interest rates has negative consequences for families and small businesses in particular. Financing and mortgages become more costly, while investing in fixed income becomes more attractive. Such an undesired effect of curbing inflation could further shake the core of the financial system.
Bitcoin’s Resilience and Market Analysis
An eventual Bitcoin (BTC) price breakthrough above $30,000 could be a definitive sign of investors’ perception shifting from seeing Bitcoin as a risk asset to a scarce digital asset that directly benefits from a weaker traditional banking system. But to gauge whether Bitcoin’s resilience above $28,000 is sustainable, an investor must analyze if excessive leverage has been used by buyers and whether professional traders are pricing higher odds of a market downturn using BTC derivatives.
Bitcoin futures contracts in healthy markets should trade at a 5 to 10% annualized premium, a situation known as contango, which is not unique to crypto markets. However, the data suggests that Bitcoin traders have been extra cautious over the past couple of weeks. Even as the BTC price flirted with $30,000 on April 26, there were no signs of demand for leveraged longs. Moreover, the Bitcoin futures premium has stagnated near 2% since April 23, suggesting that buyers are unwilling to use leverage, which is healthy for the market.
The Bitcoin options market can also help a trader understand whether a recent correction has caused investors to become more optimistic. The 25% delta skew is a telling sign when arbitrage desks and market makers overcharge for upside or downside protection. The option delta’s 25% skew has shown balanced demand between call and put options for the past four weeks.
Bitcoin options and futures markets suggest that professional traders are not placing their chips on the BTC price breaking above $30,000 anytime soon. On the other hand, those whales are pricing in similar odds of surprise positive and negative moves. Ultimately, given that the Fed clearly has a limit to raising interest rates without causing a recession, Bitcoin’s price should be positively impacted, regardless of the decision on May 3. Fed chair Powell will ultimately force the U.S. Treasury to inject more money into the economy to contain the banking crisis, which will be beneficial for a scarce asset such as Bitcoin.